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September is Prostate cancer awareness Month- looking at the risk factors

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September is prostate cancer awareness month. Other than skin cancer, prostate cancer, is the most common cancer in American men. About 1 in 6 men will be diagnosed during his life time. American Cancer Society estimates that in the United States for 2009 about 192,280 new cases will be diagnosed and 27,360 men will die of cancer.

Prostate cancer forms in tissues of the prostate (a gland in the male reproductive system found below the bladder and in front of the rectum).

There are different risk factors:

  • Age

    Generally men should begin testing for cancer at age 45. As men become older, the risk increases.

  • Family History

    Men with a father or brother that has been diagnosed with prostate cancer have more than twice the risk of being diagnosed. If a man has three or more relatives, they are almost guaranteed to get prostate cancer.

  • Race

    Rates of cancer in U.S. are 60 percent higher among African-American men. Studies are being conducted on potential differences in physiology, diet, and access to care.

  • Diet and Obesity

    Studies suggest that diets high in saturated fat or dairy fat may be one of the greatest factors contributing to prostate cancer. On the other hand, polyunsaturated fats such as Omega-3 fatty acids may help prevent the disease.

  • Chemical Exposures

    People exposed to chemicals such as pesticides (ex. methyl bromide) and herbicides (ex. Agent Orange) may have higher than average rates of prostate cancer.

Resources:

Zero-Project to end Prostate Cancer

Center for Disease Control and Prevention

American Cancer Society

Mayo Clinic

Prostate Cancer Foundation

National Cancer Institute

Books related to this topic:

Intelligent Patient Guide to Prostate Cancer: Information about risk, prevention, symptoms, signs, diagnosis, stage, surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, prognosis, treatment of/for prostate cancer

Prostate Cancer for Dummies

100 Q&A About Prostate Cancer, 2nd Edition (100 Questions & Answers about . . .)

The Cleveland Clinic Guide to Prostate Cancer (Cleveland Clinic Guides)

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One Comment

  1. [...] This blog is continued from yesterday’s blog on risk factors for prostate cancer. [...]

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